Lesson 1: The Inventor Who Kept His Promise – James Russell Lowell
UP Board 10th English Supplementary Reader Lesson 1 written by James Russell Lowell. You can download Full Hindi Translation with Question Answers of “The Inventor Who Kep His Promise” by “James Russell Lowell” on this page.
यूपी बोर्ड बुक्स -> अभी डाउनलोड करो
यूपी बोर्ड मॉडल पेपर्स -> अभी डाउनलोड करो
यूपी बोर्ड टाइम टेबल -> अभी डाउनलोड करो
यूपी बोर्ड लेटेस्ट सिलेबस -> अभी डाउनलोड करो
The Inventor Who Kept His Promise Translation in Hindi
Passage – 1
When you want to read at night, you simply press a switch and the electric lamp gives you light. Do you know who invented the electric lamp? He was an American name Thomas Elva Edison.
Hindi Translation – जब आप रात में पढना चाहते हैं तब आप साधारणत: एक स्विच दबाते हैं और बिजली का बल्ब आपको रोशनी देता है | क्या आप जानते हैं किसने बिजली का बल्ब बनाया? वह एक अमेरिकन था जिसका नाम थॉमस एल्वा एडिसन था |
Passage – 2
Even in his childhood, Edison loved to do experiments. He was fond of asking questions and he was never satisfied till he got the right answers. There are many stories about his childhood and here are a few of them.
Hindi Translation – अपने बचपन से ही एडिसन को एक्सपेरिमेंट करने में मजा आता था | वह प्रश्न पूछने का आदि था और तब तक संतुष्ट नहीं होता था जब तक की सही उत्तर न पा जाए | उसके बचपन की बहुत ही कहानियां हैं और उनमें से कुछ यहाँ दी गयी हैं |
Passage – 3
One day when young Edison was at school, the teacher was telling the children a story about the birds. He got up and asked the teacher, “Madam, why can’t man fly like a bird?”
“Because man has no wings,” replied the teacher.
The young boy thought for a moment and asked her again, “But kites have no wings and still we can fly them in the sky.”
Hindi Translation – एक दिन जब एडिसन स्कूल में था, अध्यापिका लड़कों को चिड़ियों के बारे में बता रही थी | वह खड़ा हो गया और अध्यापिका से पूछा, “मैडम, आदमी चिड़ियों के जैसे क्यों नहीं उड़ सकते?”
“क्योंकि आदमी के पास पंख नहीं हैं” अध्यापिका ने उत्तर दिया |
उसने कुछ समय सोचा और फिर पूछा, “लेकिन पतंग के पास भी तो पंख नहीं होता लेकिन उसे हम आसमान में उड़ाते हैं”
Passage – 4
All the other boys laughed and the teacher lost her patience. She thought, the boy was stupid and naughty and she asked his parents to take him out of school. His parents took him home but they knew that he was not a stupid boy. Edison was just eight years old when this happened.
Hindi Translation – सभी लड़के हसने लगे और अध्यापिका को गुस्सा आ गया | उसने सोचा की लड़का मुर्ख और बदतमीज है और उसने एडिसन के माता-पिता से एडिसन को स्कूल से बाहर ले जाने को कहा | उसके माता-पिता उसे घर ले आया लेकिन उन्हें पता था की एडिसन मुर्ख नहीं है | एडिसन आठ साल का था जब यह घटना हुई |
Passage – 5
Young Edison found in his mother his best teacher. She was patient enough to answer all his questions and with her help and guidance, he made good progress. He used to observe things very closely and do a lot of experiments. Some of his experiments were silly but he learned a lot from them.
Hindi Translation – एडिसन ने अपनी माँ के अन्दर एक अच्छी शिक्षिका को पाया | वह उसके प्रश्नों के उत्तर देने के लिए काफी धैर्यवान था और उनकी मदद से एडिसन ने काफी बढ़िया प्रोग्रेस किया | वह चीजों को काफी नजदीक से निरिक्षण करता था और काफी एक्सपेरिमेंट करता था | उसके कुछ एक्सपेरिमेंट मूर्खतापूर्ण थे लेकिन उसने उनसे काफी सिखा |
Passage – 6
One morning he was watching a bird. It flew down to the ground, picked up a few worms in its beak and flew away. This gave young Edison an idea. “The bird is able to fly because it eats worms! Man can also fly if he eats worms,” he said to himself.
He wanted to try the experiment on someone. He caught hold of a few worms, beat them into a pulp and mixed it in water. He took the mixture to a servant girl and said to her, “This is a wonderful mixture. If you drink this, you can fly like a bird. Come on drink it and see.”
Hindi Translation – एक सुबह वह एक चिड़िया को देख रहा था | वह जमीन पर आई और कुछ कीड़ों को अपनी चोंच में लेकर उड़ गयी | यह देखकर उसे एक आईडिया आया “चिड़िया उडती हैं क्योंकि वे कीड़े खाती हैं आदमी भी उड़ सकता है अगर वह भी कीड़े खाए”.
वह इसे किसी के उपर आजमा कर देखना चाहता था | उसने कुछ कीड़ों को पकड़ा और उन्हें पीटकर पानी में घोल दिया | उसने मिश्रण को लिया और एक गरीब लड़की को देखर कहा, “यह एक आश्चर्यजनक मिश्रण है | अगर तुमने इसे पिया तो तुम एक चिड़िया के जैसे उड़ सकती हो | आओ और इसे पीकर देखो”
Passage – 7
The poor girl believed him and drank the mixture. Well, she didn’t fly but she fell ill. Young Edison’s mother warned him not to do such silly experiments.
Hindi Translation – उस गरीब लड़की ने उसका विश्ववास किया और मिश्रण को पी गयी | वह उड़ तो नहीं सकी लेकिन बीमार जरुर पड़ गयी | एडिसन की माँ ने उसे ऐसे मूर्खतापूर्ण एक्सपेरिमेंट करने के लिए मना किया |
Passage – 8
Once he went to a poultry farm with his mother. There he saw a hen. It was sitting on its eggs. He asked his mother about it and she answered, “The hen is hatching its eggs. After sometime chickens will come out of the eggs.” “Why can’t I hatch eggs?” thought young Edison. The next morning he got a dozen eggs and sat on them. He got up after some time but he did not find any chickens. He had only smashed the eggs and spoiled his shirts. He got a good beating from his mother that day.
Passage – 9
A really funny boy, wasn’t he? He failed in all these experiments, be he had learned something from them. He had learnt that his ideas were wrong. He was fond of books and read quite a lot of them. His father gave him twenty-five cents for every book he read. He read widely with the pocket money he got, he bought more books and set up a small laboratory. His mother encouraged him and helped him in his experiments.
Passage – 10
After sometimes Edison found that he needed more money to carry on his experiments. And he wanted more books as he had read all the books he had at home. He wanted to go out and see new places and new people. He wanted to read new books and to improve his knowledge. So he decided to take up a job on the railway. At first, his parents did not like this idea as he was just twelve years old.
Passage – 11
But they agreed when he gave them good reasons for his decision. So Edison became a newspaper boy and travelled up and down the train to Detroit. He sold newspapers, sweets, and fruits and earned two dollars on the first day. He said to his mother at supper that night. “Take this dollar, mother. Every night I shall give you a dollar from what I earn.” And he kept his promise.
Passage – 12
A year or two later Edison decided to produce his own newspaper. He bought an old printing press and set it up in his railway wagon. He edited and printed his paper, sold a number of copies and made more money. With the money he got, he set up a small laboratory in his railway wagon.
Passage – 13
When he was fifteen he met with an accident that affected his career. While he was doing an experiment in his laboratory, the train round a corner. There was a sudden jolt and bit of phosphorus fell on the floor of his carriage and it caught fire. Before he could put it out, the newspapers had caught fire.
Passage – 14
The fire spread and Edison shouted for help. The guard came in and together they were able to put out the fire, but that was the end of Edison’s service on the train. He was dismissed at the next station.
In the next five years, Edison took up jibs in different cities. He made good use of the libraries and met experts in factories and workshops. He asked them questions, learned a lot from them and worked harder at his experiments.
Passage – 15
During this period, he was out of a job for a short time and was staying with a friend. This young man was working in a company there. In that company, they had an important machine. One day the machine stopped suddenly. Edison was there at the time. He had took a look at the machine and repaired it within a short time. The manager of the company liked Edison and gave him a good job. Edison paid off his debts and improved is the laboratory.
Passage – 16
In the next six years, Edison made a series of inventions. One invention followed another quickly and Edison earned more fame and money. In 1877, he was working on a machine that could reproduce the human voice. The next year, he actually made one. It was then called the talking machine. We call it the Gramophone now. The same year, he was invited to the White House in Washington.
Passage – 17
That is the name of the house where the President of the United States of America lives. Edison went there to show his new successful and prosperous. He owed all this to his mother’s help and encouragement and to his own hard work.
Passage – 18
In March 1878, he began to work on an electric lamp. People used candles and oil lamps in those days. They did not have electric lights. Edison promised to give them electric light in two years. When he said this, all the scientists laughed at him. They said that it was impossible, but Edison was not worried at all. He worked harder and harder.
Passage – 19
He performed a thousand experiments but all of them failed. But he did not give up hope. “I must keep my promise to the people”, he said to himself and worked harder still. He was racing against time. At last, he succeeded in making an electric bulb after nearly one thousand and two hundred experiments. On New Year’s Day, 1880 he and his workers put up electric light at his laboratory.
Passage – 20
People from all over America came to see that grand sight. Edison had kept his promise to the people. On 4th September 1882, for the first time, New York shone in the brightness of electric light.
Passage – 21
Edison served his country during the First World War. He made forty wartime inventions and was awarded a medal for his service. In 1929 the Silver Jubilee of the invention of the electric bulb was celebrated in a grand manner. The President of the United States of America received him and honored him at a big function. Edison goes up at the function to thank the President but suddenly fell ill.
Passage – 22
His illness becomes worse and he died on Sunday morning of 18th December 1931. Thus ended the great and eventful life of a man who enriched human life and happiness. He said once, “I shall never invent anything which will destroy life. I want to make people happy.” He also said, “The world has been in darkness too long. I would like to give to the world more laughter and more light.” He kept his word. His gramophone has brought us more laughter and his electric lamp has given us more light.
Passage – 23
Today our country and the world need more men like Edison. Every boy and girl should follow his great example.
The Inventor Who Kept His Promise Question Answer
Short Answer Type Question on the text
Q1. What did Edison love to do during his childhood?
Ans. Edison loved to do experiments during his childhood.
Q2. Why was Edison taken out of the school?
Ans. Edison was taken out of the school because his teacher thought him naughty and stupid.
Q3. How did Edison’s mother become his best teacher?
Ans. Edison’s mother became his best teacher because she always tried to give a satisfactory answer to his questions and was never tired of his questions.
Q4. What did Edison think when he saw birds flying?
Ans. When Edison was birds flying, he thought, “Man can also fly he eats worms.”
Q5. What did Edison give the servant girl to drink? Why?
Ans. Edison gave the servant girl a mixture of worms to drink for his experiment.
Q6. What happened to the girl?
Ans. After drinking the mixture the girl didn’t fly but she fell ill.
Q7. What did Edison see at the poultry farm?
Ans. At the poultry farm, Edison saw a hen, sitting on its eggs.
Q8. Why did Edison take up the job of the railway?
Ans. Edison took up the job of the railway because he needed some money to meet the expenses on his experiments.
Q9. Why was Edison dismissed from the job or railway?
Ans. During an experiment, a bit of phosphorus fell on the floor of the wagon and it caught fire so on account of his careless Edison was dismissed from the job.
Q10. How did Edison become famous in America?
Ans. Edison became famous in America by inventing the gramophone and electric light.
Q11. What did Edison promise to the people of America?
Ans. Edison promised to the people of America that he would give them electric light in two years.
Q12. How did Edison serve his country during the First World War?
Ans. Edison served his country during the first World War by making forty war-time inventions.
Short Answer Type Questions on your Understanding
Q1. Give any two examples to show that Edison was a naughty child.
First Example: One day Edison was a bird picking up a few worms in its beak and then flew away. He thought that when the bird was able to fly because it ate warms, man could also fly if he ate worms. So this experiment should be applied. Thus he made a mixture of few worms and applied it upon the servant girl but after drinking it she fell ill.
Second Example: Edison saw a hen hatching eggs. After seeing a hen he thought why he could not hatch eggs. He applied it but he had only smashed the eggs and spoilt his shorts.
Conclusion: These examples show that Edison was a naughty boy.
Q2. How do you know that Edison loved to do experiments?
Ans. Edison loved to do experiments. His father gave him twenty-five cents for every book he read. With this money, he set up a small laboratory.
He decided to do the job in railway because he needed money to meet the expenses on his experiments. He set a laboratory in a railway wagon.
He did no waster his money in any other article. He spent all his money only for his experiments. This show that he loved to do experiments.
Q3. Why did Edison find his mother as his best teacher?
Ans. Edison found his mother the best teacher for him because she always tried to give a satisfactory answer to his question and was never tired of his questions. Edison found that his mother had patience enough to answer all his questions. With her help and guidance, he made good progress.
Really, Edison was fond of asking the question and he was never satisfied till he got the right answers. In his childhood, he was taken out of the school only due to aksing questions. His teacher thought the boy was stupid and naughty because she had not enough patience to give him satisfactory answers.
So we can say that Edison’s mother was the best teacher for him.
Q4. What did Edison need more money?
Ans. Edison was fond of experiments and reading books from his childhood. He set a small laboratory by the money which his father gave him for reading books. He had read all the books he had. He needed more money because he wanter to buy more book to gain his knowledge. He also wanted to see new places and to meet new people. For all these purposed Edison needed more money.
Q5. What did Edison earn on the first day?
Ans. Edison earned two dollars on the first day.
Q6. What promise did Edison make to his mother?
Ans. Edison promised his mother that he would give her a dollar every night from what he earned.
Q7. How do you know that Edison admired his mother a lot?
Ans. Edison found his mother the best teacher. When he was taken out of school, she supported him because she knew that he was not stupid. She encouraged him at that time when he needed her support most.
She always answered all his questions in a satisfactory manner. Edison found his mother had patience enough to answer all his questions. With her help and guidance, he made good progress. There were the reasons that Edison admired his mother a lot.
Q8. How do you know that Edison was a patriot?
Ans. Edison was a patriot. He served his country during the first World War, by making forty war-time inventions. But, they were all for defence. Besides there he also invented gramophone and the electric bulb.
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